civet n : catlike mammal typically secreting musk used in perfumes [syn: civet cat]
- A carnivorous catlike animal that produces a musky secretion. It is two to three feet long, with black bands and spots on the body and tail.
- the perfume
- Czech: cibetka
- Dutch: civetkat
- Finnish: suuritäpläsivettikissa
- French: viverridés
- German: Zibetkatze
- Greek: (1) μοσχογαλή η κιβέττη (moskhogali i kiveti) , (2) μόσχος (moskhos)
- Korean: 사향고양이 sahyang goyang-i
- Lithuanian: civeta
- Russian: виверра (viv'érra) , циветта (civ'étta)
- (cuisine) ragout of hare, rabbit or wild mammal, with red wine and onions, bonded with the animal's blood.
Civets are small, lithe-bodied, mostly arboreal mammals native to the tropics of Africa and Asia.
TaxonomyThe common name is used for a variety of carnivorous mammalian species, mostly of the family Viverridae (although it resembles the other civets, the African Palm Civet (Nandinia binotata) is genetically distinct and belongs in its own monotypic family, Nandiniidae).
In 2005, the World Wide Fund for Nature released photos taken by a night time camera trap of an unknown carnivore (nicknamed the cat-fox) on Borneo. Scientists debate whether this animal is new species of civet, or a known, but rare, species (such as Hose's Palm Civet, thought previously to be extinct).
Physical CharacteristicsCivets have a broadly cat-like general appearance, though the muzzle is extended and often pointed, rather like an otter or a mongoose. They range in length from about 17 to 28 in (400 to 700 mm) (excluding their long tails) and in weight from about 3 to 10 lb (1 to 5 kg).
HabitatViverrids are native to Africa (bar the area immediately south of the Mediterranean), Madagascar, the Iberian Peninsula, southern China, and Southeast Asia. Favoured habitats include woodland, savanna, and mountain biomes and, above all, tropical rainforest. In consequence, many are faced with severe loss of habitat; several species are considered vulnerable and the Otter Civet is classified as endangered.
BehaviorVery little is known about civets' mating habits. They breed year round, producing litters of 1-6 fully-furred babies after a gestation period of 60-81 days. Some species may have 2 litters per year. Civets are omnivorous, supplementing a meat diet (both hunted and scavenged) with fruit, eggs, and possibly roots.
MuskThe civet produces a musk (also called civet) highly valued as a fragrance and stabilizing agent for perfume. Both male and female civets produce the strong-smelling secretion, which is produced by the civet's perineal glands. It is harvested by either killing the animal and removing the glands, or by scraping the secretions from the glands of a live animal. The latter is the preferred method today.
Animal rights groups, such as the World Society for the Protection of Animals, express concern that harvesting musk is cruel to animals. Between these ethical concerns and the availability of synthetic substitutes, the practice of raising civets for musk is dying out. Chanel, maker of the popular perfume Chanel No. 5, claims that natural civet has been replaced with a synthetic substitute since 1998.
Kopi LuwakKopi Luwak, also known as caphe cut chon (fox-dung coffee) in Vietnam and kape alamid in the Philippines, is coffee that is prepared using coffee cherries that have been eaten and partially digested by the Asian Palm Civet, then harvested from its feces.
civet in Bulgarian: Виверови
civet in Danish: Desmerdyr
civet in German: Schleichkatzen
civet in Spanish: Viverridae
civet in Persian: گربه زباد
civet in French: Viverridae
civet in Croatian: Cibetke
civet in Ido: Civeto
civet in Italian: Zibetto
civet in Hebrew: גחניים
civet in Lithuanian: Viveriniai
civet in Malayalam: വെരുക്
civet in Dutch: Civetkatten
civet in Japanese: ジャコウネコ
civet in Polish: Łaszowate
civet in Portuguese: Viverrídeos
civet in Russian: Виверровые
civet in Finnish: Sivettieläimet
civet in Swedish: Viverrider
civet in Thai: ชะมด
civet in Vietnamese: Họ Cầy
civet in Turkish: Misk kedisigiller
civet in Chinese: 麝貓